Wood Sisters

Enoch P. Wood

Enoch P. Wood was born near Hopkinsville, Christian County, Kentucky to Ezekiel and Anny (Walker) Wood. The exact date of his birth has not been well established. The 1850 Federal Census for Wyoming, Iowa County, WI puts it at 1824/5, while the 1860 census puts it at 1822/3, his enlistment document puts it at 1823, his re-enlistment puts it at 1823, and his Discharge document puts it at 1823. So I am inclined to go with his Civil War documentation which puts his birth date between July 23 and Aug 2, 1823. Enoch is thought to be the youngest child of Ezekiel and Anny.

Sometime between 1820 and 1828, Enoch, with the rest of Ezekiel’s family, moved to Fayette County, Illinois near Vandalia [source: Fayette Facts]. Enoch was enumerated as part of Ezekiel’s family in the 1820 census for Christian County, KY; the 1830 census for Fayette County, IL; the 1840 census for Fayette County, IL. Then around 1845 Enoch moved to Wyoming, Iowa County, Wisconsin [soure: Granderson’s land purchase] and was part of Granderson’s family in the 1850 census which listed his age as 25. Then in the 1855 Wisconsin State Census, Enoch is probably living in his brother’s, Samuel Francis, home along with Samuel’s wife and their sister, Leah. In the 1860 Wyoming, Iowa County, WI census, Enoch is living in a separate home working as a farmer, aged 38. Enoch had purchased 40 acres from the Federal Government on November 10, 1855. He never married.

E P Wood BLM Land Purchase

Land purchase November 10, 1855

As the Civil War broke out Enoch was the first in his family to enlist in the Wisconsin Volunteers at the age of 38 (per the Muster In document). Like his brother David who also enlisted, Enoch was considered “old” at 38 since the average age of Civil War soldiers was 26. Enoch enlisted on August 26, 1861 in Wyoming, WI for a three year assignment, and was Mustered In on Oct 18, 1861 in Madison, WI as a Corporal assigned to Company C, 12th Regiment of Wisconsin Infantry along with his brother David.

E P Wood Civil War Portrait

Enoch P. Wood Civil War Portrait

E P Wood Enlistment Record
Enoch's Enlistment Record at the National Archives, Washington DC

Enoch was recorded in all of the Company Muster Rolls (Feb 28, 1862; March/April, 1862; May/June, 1862; July/Aug, 1862; Sept/Oct, 1862; Nov/Dec, 1862; Jan/Feb, 1863; April 11, 1863; March/April, 1863; May/June, 1863; July/Aug, 1863). Enoch was “absent on furlough” on the Sept/Oct, 1863 Muster Roll, most likely attending to his family’s grieving after his brother David’s death on July 5, 1863 in Vicksburg. Enoch was mustered out at the end of his 3 year commitment on Dec 31, 1864, but he re-enlisted on January 2, 1864 in Natchez, Mississippi and promoted to Sergeant, then mustered in on Feb 1, 1864 in Hebron, Mississippi.

EP Wood Recruitment
Enoch's Recruitment/Reenlistment Document at the National Archives, Washington DC

EP Wood Reenlistment
Enoch's Reenlistment signed on January 2, 1864 in Natchez, Mississippi

Enoch P Wood Signature
Enoch's signature

Enoch is listed in the Muster Rolls for Jan/Feb, Mar/Apr, May/June, and July/Aug, 1864 with the July/Aug stating that he “died of wounds received on 21st July in 3rd Divn Hospital”. Enoch died on July 23, 1864, two days after being wounded in the left breast by a mini-ball. The National Archives in Washington DC contain the medical records for Enoch during his stay at the 3rd Div. Hospital.

E P Wood Muster Roll
Muster Roll for July 1864 noting his death

E P Wood Medical Record E P Wood Medical Record
Medical Records at the National Archives, Washington DC

Ole Grimstvedt wrote a detailed description of his experiences throughout the war, particularly his assignment as hospital support in Company C, 12th Regiment. [Ole Grimstvedt’s, Ole Grimstvedt’s hospital life, 1895, Wisconsin Historical Society, on-line: www.russscott.com] He was also wounded during the battle of Bald Hill (Leggett’s Hill) on July 21, 1864 near Atlanta, Georgia, the same battle that Enoch was mortally wounded in, and he writes of that day:

It was on the 21st of July 1864 that to me stands out more prominent than any other day of my life though I have now in 1895 [The year this manuscript was written.] turned my 53d mile post. It was the first day of the battle of Atlanta. I was in my 22nd year since Jan 15 and in my 2 1/2 years soldering had been toughened to stand most anything and besides I was not pampered before getting into the army either. That is one thing I am thankful for and that is undoubtedly how I could stand as much as I did.

But to come back to the hospital or my hospital life, I will not weary the reader with a description of the battle, How we charged and took Bald Hill. How Pat Cleburns man took to their heels, something they had not done so far as it is reported. How we ran over the works and drove them like a flock of sheep, and how we retreated to the works and there loaded and fired to our hearts content, until the bullet molded for my special benefit hit its mark.

An able pen could make a chapter out of this, but I will just commence when I was hit which was just as I had fired and thrown my gun back preparatory to load. I turned round and told Capt. (Lieut. then) Jones that I was hit when he told me to get back to the rear as soon as I could. I staggered back but had not gone far before I almost gave up, but was met by Geo Fuller and Frank Fenster who one on each side helped me to the rear. In going back my cap caught in a dry black oak limb and was pulled of. I stopped and wanted to get the cap, but my aids would not think of stopping. As we were in anything but a safe place. That cap I had got from my right hand man John Hinkle that very morning. It was just like this. When home on Veterans furlough, I had like the rest to buy a hat which I did, for $4.00. Now a person would suppose that $4.00 would purchase a right smart hat, but it seemed not for it was so completely gone that morning that it would hardly hang on the head the before mentioned Hinkle must have got a hold of a better hat for he offered me his old cap as a gift, but figure 12 and letter C which was of German silver he wanted returned. Poor fellow he did not need them for he gave up his life for the Union that day and so did my left hand man Gilbert Baker. We went up the hill side by side in the front rank but after that I never seen them as we got somewhat scattered going through the woods.

Well I got to the ambulance but on the way I seen many who had bit the dust and I also seen some that must have shown the white feather for they lay back to far from the front. But this did not bother me in the least. I expected to die and I thanked Providence for not being killed outright, as was Andrew Swanson and John Hudson of our Co. shot dead by my side while we were lying where I was when hit. They never knew what hurt them. Arriving where the ambulance met us we were of course out of range, I remember two that I knew that were there at the same time, Sergeant E. P. Wood of our Co. and one Broughton of Co. E. that had been Col. Bryant's orderly, Wood was taken in the ambulance with me and I had a chance to press his hand, which he returned, but he was already far gone and must have died soon. He was shot in the breast. Broughton was also severely wounded and died shortly. Wood was one of the best men in our Co. an upright man in all respects. There were 2 brothers of them Woods both were corporals it was E. P. and D. C. but I did not know which was till one of them D. C. sickened and died at Vicksburg. I cut out the letters on a head board for his grave without any more digression.

Enoch is buried in the Marietta National Military Cemetery near Marietta, Georgia, located in Section F, Site 4794.

Merietta National Cemetery
Marietta National Military Cemetery

Enoch Wood Gravestone
Enoch P. Wood Gravestone

For a comprehensive listing of the 12th Regiment’s Civil War activities and engagements click here (under construction).

More to come!